Lumberton, North Carolina

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Lumberton, North Carolina
A view down Elm Street in Lumberton
A view down Elm Street in Lumberton
Lumberton is located in North Carolina
Location within the state of North Carolina
Lumberton is located in the United States
Lumberton (the United States)
Coordinates: 34°37′38″N 79°0′43″W / 34.62722°N 79.01194°W / 34.62722; -79.01194Coordinates: 34°37′38″N 79°0′43″W / 34.62722°N 79.01194°W / 34.62722; -79.01194
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
 • Total17.81 sq mi (46.14 km2)
 • Land17.73 sq mi (45.93 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.20 km2)
131 ft (40 m)
 • Total21,542
 • Estimate 
 • Density1,155.00/sq mi (445.94/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s)910
FIPS code37-39700[3]
GNIS feature ID0989128[4]

Lumberton is a city in Robeson County, North Carolina, United States. It is the county seat of Robeson County, which is the largest county in the state by land area.[5]

Located in southern North Carolina's Inner Banks region, Lumberton is located on the Lumber River. It was founded in 1787 by John Willis, an officer in the American Revolution. This was developed as a shipping point for lumber used by the Navy, and logs were guided downriver to Georgetown, South Carolina. Most of the town's growth took place after World War II.


The City of Lumberton was created by an Act of the North Carolina General Assembly in 1787 and it was named the county seat of Robeson County. Lumberton was incorporated in 1859.

Robeson County is located in the Coastal Plains region of southeastern North Carolina. The county was created from Bladen County in 1786 by two American Revolutionary War heroes and residents of the area, General John Willis and Colonel Thomas Robeson. The county was named after Colonel Robeson and the land for the county seat was donated by General Willis, who is credited with naming the county seat as Lumberton.

The area was a frontier destination for both white and numerous free families of color from Virginia in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Many free blacks were descendants of white women (who were free) and African men, whether slave, free or indentured, from the colonial years, when working classes lived and worked near each other.[6] The county has a high proportion of residents who identify as Lumbee: they have been recognized as a Native American tribe both by the state of North Carolina and the Federal government; however, they do not receive federal benefits (money) because no known treaty (contract) exists between Lumbee Indians and the US government that would entitle them to federal benefits according to Dr. Ben Chavis. In short, the Lumbee Indians were never defeated in a war or removed from their land by the United States government.

For four seasons, 1947–50, Lumberton fielded a professional minor league baseball team in the Tobacco State League. Affiliated with the Chicago Cubs, the team was known as the Lumberton Cubs in 1947 and '48, and the Lumberton Auctioneers in 1949 and '50.[7]

Established in 1912, the Robeson County Health Department is recognized as the oldest rural health department in the nation. Its current headquarters is on the outskirts of Lumberton.[8] In 1970, Lumberton was named an All-American City, presented by the National Civic League. It became a two-time winner in 1995 of this award which recognizes those whose citizens work together to identify and tackle community-wide challenges and achieve uncommon results.

In 2010, the North Carolina Legislature designated Lumberton as the first "Certified Retirement Community" in North Carolina. This certification signals that Lumberton offers an unprecedented quality of living and range of amenities, services and opportunities which make it desirable to retirees. This program captured the Governor's Innovative Small Business Community Award in 2011.[9]

The Baker Sanatorium, Luther Henry Caldwell House, Carolina Theatre, Humphrey-Williams Plantation, Lumberton Commercial Historic District, Planters Building, Robeson County Agricultural Building, Alfred Rowland House, and US Post Office-Lumberton are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10][11]


Lumberton is located at 34°37′38″N 79°00′43″W / 34.627239°N 79.011947°W / 34.627239; -79.011947.[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.8 square miles (40.9 km2), of which 15.7 square miles (40.7 km2) are land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km2) (0.44%) is water.

Lumberton is located on the Lumber River in the state's Coastal Plains region. The Lumber River State Park, 115 miles (185 km) of natural and scenic waterway, flows through Lumberton.

Lumberton is served by Interstate 95 and Interstate 74.


Lumberton experiences a humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and cool winters.

Climate data for Lumberton, North Carolina (1981–2010 normals),[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 53.7
Average low °F (°C) 33.2
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.97
Source: xmACIS2 (Monthly Climate Normals)[13]

Hurricane Matthew[edit]

In 2016 Lumberton experienced severe flooding from Hurricane Matthew.[14]

Hurricane Florence[edit]

In 2018 Lumberton experienced extensive flooding from Hurricane Florence.[15]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)20,484[2]−4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
Location of the Lumberton-Laurinburg CSA and its components:
  Lumberton Micropolitan Statistical Area
  Laurinburg Micropolitan Statistical Area

Lumberton is the larger principal city of the Lumberton-Laurinburg CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Lumberton (Robeson County) and Laurinburg (Scotland County) micropolitan areas,[17][18] which had a combined population of 159,337 at the 2000 census.[3]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,542 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 39.0% White, 36.7% Black, 12.7% Native American, 2.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race and 2.2% from two or more races. 6.7% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 20,795 people, 7,827 households and 5,165 families residing in Lumberton. The population density was 1,322.4 people per square mile (510.8/km2). There were 8,800 housing units at an average density of 559.6 per square mile (216.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.54% White, 35.44% African American, 12.79% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.18% from other races and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.30% of the population.

Of the 7,827 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 38.8% were married couples living together; 23.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.01. Children of high school age (grades 9-12) attend Lumberton High School, which is run by the Public Schools of Robeson County,[19] as it is in Robeson County.

The city's population was spread out, with 26.3% under the age of 18; 9.3% from 18 to 24; 28.2% from 25 to 44; 21.3% from 45 to 64; and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in Lumberton was $26,782, and the median income for a family was $33,839. Males had a median income of $28,903 versus $24,503 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,504. About 23.9% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.4% of those under age 18 and 23.7% of those age 65 or over.


Public Schools of Robeson County operates public schools.

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Paul Heinegg, Free African Americans in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware, Baltimore, Maryland: 1995-2005
  7. ^ Holaday, Chris (2016). "The Tobacco State League; A North Carolina Baseball History, 1946–1950".. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-6670-9.
  8. ^ department, health. "Robeson County NC Health Department". Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  9. ^ "About Us". Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  10. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  11. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 4/16/12 through 4/20/12. National Park Service. April 27, 2012.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  13. ^ "NOAA 1981-2010 Climate Normals". NOAA Regional Climate Centers. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. ^ MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS Archived 2007-06-29 at the Wayback Machine, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
  18. ^ COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS Archived 2007-06-29 at the Wayback Machine, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
  19. ^ "Contact Us / School Contact Numbers".

External links[edit]